metal fabrication

Metal Materials Used In Metal Fabrication

Creating a custom piece is exciting. It allows you to get creative with designs, which means you can create beautiful, unique objects. Also, you have control over the choice of manufacturing materials, which will be influenced by the final product’s purpose, amongst other factors. While various types of metal exist, choosing the suitable material for metal fabrication is very important. For instance, if you use a material with high iron for an item that will be exposed to water, the final product will not be durable as it will most likely suffer from corrosion. To help make an informed decision, this article discusses some metal materials perfect for metal fabrication.

What Is Metal Fabrication?

Have you ever experienced the bending, melting, and shaping of metals? This process is known as Metal Fabrication. The entire process of metal fabrication involves manufacturing creative pieces from metal. This way, you can turn whatever metal you have into new, improved items for aerospace, automotive, spacecraft, etc. Every metal contains unique components that differentiate it from others.


Most skilled professionals love to use steel because it is an alloy of carbon and iron. So, it has the combined properties of these two metals. As an alloy, it is strong, durable, and, most importantly, has a higher corrosion resistance when compared with iron.  The two main types of steel are stainless steel and carbon steel. Carbon steel is essentially an alloy of little iron and high carbon. On the other hand, stainless steel is an alloy of carbon steel and aluminum.

When Should You Use Steel For Metal Fabrication?

Generally, steel is an excellent material for creating strong and durable objects. Carbon Steel is stronger, more affordable, more malleable, and has higher heat resistance than stainless steel. However, it is heavier and more corrosive. Typically, carbon steel is an ideal metal for manufacturing sturdy tools, automobiles, appliances, powerplants, and so on. Although it may not be as solid and malleable as carbon steel, stainless steel contains chromium, making it highly corrosion-resistant. Also, it weighs less, making it an excellent choice for portable and water-resistant items like cooking appliances, roofing materials, windows, doors, kitchen sinks, etc. Unfortunately, stainless steel costs a lot more than carbon steel.


As a pure metal, aluminum is an excellent material for metal fabrication because it seamlessly combines with metals with exceptional properties, such as magnesium, silicon, and chromium. Some of the alloys made from this metal are aluminum alloy 6061, a combination of aluminum, magnesium, and silicon, and aluminum alloy 5052, a combination of magnesium and chromium.

When Should You Use Aluminum For Metal Fabrication?

Aluminum’s properties make it stand out in metal fabrication. Because it is lightweight, aluminum is perfect for preventing heat and rust. Also, since it is not heavy, aluminum can be easily moved about, which helps to cut back on shipping expenses. Aluminum can be easily shaped and bent, and it is also durable. This metal is commonly used in industries like construction, aerospace, automobiles, and electronics. Most trains, window frames, spacecraft, and electronics have aluminum. 


Both aluminum and copper share some similarities. However,  unlike aluminum, copper is famous for its use in electrical wiring and plumbing projects because of its ability to conduct electricity and heat. It has a unique reddish-brown tone and is used aesthetically in architectural design. It is an industrial metal because of its malleability and ductility.

Copper For Metal Fabrication

If the project’s goal is to stretch metals into wire during metal fabrication, then copper should be your choice. Compared to aluminum, copper is more of a conductive agent. While aluminum is more cost-effective because it is lightweight, copper requires a higher budget. 


Because of its strength and weight, magnesium is mostly used in the aerospace and automotive industries. It is also commonly used in welding and manufacturing industries. Magnesium has unique properties that help prevent iron rust. It is silvery grey in color and shiny. However, when it burns, you may notice a white glow.

Metal Fabrication With Magnesium

Magnesium plays a unique role in metal fabrication. This metal desulphurizes steel to a point where it can undergo the fabrication process. The process of desulphurization improves the strength and malleability of your metal. However, magnesium is used in welding to repair defects or worn-up metal. There are some types of welding that magnesium can be used in, and the most frequent is TIG (Tungsten inert gas) welding. Generally, magnesium is very useful in metal fabrication.

Contact Markham Metals For Metal Fabrication In New England

Changing raw materials to finished products for commercial purposes involves a lot of creativity and technicality. Metal fabricators are at the core of most manufacturing and construction procedures, which most people enjoy. Need specific information on metal fabrication and its processes? Markham Metals can provide all the assistance you need. Please book a consultation today by filling out our form and calling us at 978-658-1121.